Even though there is an accumulated experience and there is a great human potential to practice sustainable agriculture, an articulating action is lacking as a global project that promotes the transition of models that are highly dependent on inputs from and related to the oil industry, towards models that promote development based on respect for human rights and national sovereignty, starting with food sovereignty.

Despite the strengths of sustainable agriculture, such as its ability to promote a socio-economic and environmental development at local level and its potential to mitigate climate change effects, it has a limited presence in the international development agenda. However, large-scale ecological agricultural production systems could be a real alternative for climate change mitigation and main crises currently plaguing our contemporary world (energy, economy, value, environmental, food crisis).

Current development strategies which are being defined by some of the major agencies and international development organizations to cope with these crises are not incorporating alternative proposals of grassroots groups and locals who are in direct contact with the effects of environmental and social degradation. On the contrary, development agencies, national and international, reflect the increasingly dominant presence of the private sector as a dominant actor in the investigation. In the case of agriculture, there is a menacing domination of the agricultural and technological market by a conglomerate of powerful corporations which, in addition to a patent monopoly, have a control without precedent on the biological basis of agriculture and the global food system. Moreover, agriculture crisis does not arise as a sufficiently explicit theme in the agenda for development of the main international development agencies.

 Therefore, it is necessary to construct a new rationality to enable the transition to sustainable agriculture at the global level by promoting a sustainable and real economic basis for our societies: Agroecology.

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